Focal Point Banner

As of December 1, 2020, Focal Point is retired and repurposed as a reference repository. We value the wealth of knowledge that's been shared here over the years. You'll continue to have access to this treasure trove of knowledge, for search purposes only.

Join the TIBCO Community
TIBCO Community is a collaborative space for users to share knowledge and support one another in making the best use of TIBCO products and services. There are several TIBCO WebFOCUS resources in the community.

  • From the Home page, select Predict: WebFOCUS to view articles, questions, and trending articles.
  • Select Products from the top navigation bar, scroll, and then select the TIBCO WebFOCUS product page to view product overview, articles, and discussions.
  • Request access to the private WebFOCUS User Group (login required) to network with fellow members.

Former myibi community members should have received an email on 8/3/22 to activate their user accounts to join the community. Check your Spam folder for the email. Please get in touch with us at for further assistance. Reference the community FAQ to learn more about the community.

Read-Only Read-Only Topic
Concatenate syntax
What is a difference in using | vs || to concatenate two columns?

WebFOCUS 7.7, iWay Data Migrator, Windows
Posts: 19 | Registered: March 19, 2012Report This Post
posted Hide Post
Found the difference:
|| trims the column while | does not: for instance:
var1 = 'cat '
var2 = 'dog'
var1 | var2 => 'cat dog'
var1 || var2 => 'catdog'

Please let me know if there are other differences.

WebFOCUS 7.7, iWay Data Migrator, Windows
Posts: 19 | Registered: March 19, 2012Report This Post
posted Hide Post
A single | is a soft concatenate, a || is a hard concatenate.

Text1 = 'text     '
Text2 = ' more    '

Text3 = Text1 | Text2
Text3 will contain 'text      more    '

Text4 = Text1 || Text2
Text4 will contain 'text more         '

With a hard concatenate, the trailing spaces are shifted to the end of the expression. If you start using parentheses, you can control where the hard and soft concats happen.

Text1 = 'text     '
Text2 = 'more     '

Text3 = Text1 || Text2
Text3 will contain 'textmore          '

Text4 = Text1 || (' ' | Text2)
Text4 will contain 'text more          '


Prod:WebFOCUS 7.6.10/8.1.04Upgrade:WebFOCUS 8.2.07OS:LinuxOutputs:HTML, PDF, Excel, PPT
In Focus since 1984
Pity the lost knowledge of an old programmer!

Posts: 6347 | Location: 33°49'23.0"S, 151°11'41.0"E | Registered: October 31, 2006Report This Post
  Powered by Social Strata  

Read-Only Read-Only Topic

Copyright © 1996-2020 Information Builders